The Bermuda Hundred Campaign

Bermuda Hundred was one of several settlements attacked by Pamunkey Chief Opechancanough in 1622.  It is believed that John Rolfe died just prior to or during that attack. By 1691 Bermuda Hundred had grown into one of the primary tobacco ports on the James River. In 1781, during the American Revolution, General Benedict Arnold used Bermuda Hundred as the site of his headquarters. In the late 1800's, the port was used as a steamship wharf catering to Atlantic Ocean passengers and cargo. It later became the terminus for the Bright Hope Railroad.

This is the site where General Benjamin F. Butler launched his Bermuda Hundred campaign. In May 1864, General Benjamin F. Butler, Commander of the Army of the James landed with 40,000 Union Troops at this site.  He  forced the Reverend John Strachan family from their home, destroyed the crops and orchard around the house and set up his hospital, which became the largest hospital in the known world.  He dug in for a long siege. 

 

By the end of World War I, the port at Bermuda Hundred began to see a decline in traffic. By 1940 the post office had closed and ferry service between Bermuda Hundred and Shirley Plantation had ceased.  Today, Bermuda Hundred is a predominantly an African American village whose residents can trace their roots back to the earliest days of the settlement. The area is home to several large manufacturing facilities and is the gateway to the Presquile National Wildlife Refuge. In 2006, the village of Bermuda Hundred was placed on the National Register of Historic Places and the Virginia Landmarks Register.

Historic Bermuda Hundred Village

 

In Chesterfield County, Take Route 10 to Allied Road, to Bermuda Hundred Road.   Map link is shown below.  The settlement at Bermuda Hundred was founded by Sir Thomas Dale in 1613. Prior to the arrival of the English, the area was the site of the principal town of the Appomattox Indians.  John Rolfe moved here shortly after marrying Pocahontas, the daughter of chief Powhatan. Their son Thomas was born here in 1615.and Rolfe returned to his home here after the sudden death of Pocahontas at Gravesend, England, in 1616. .n 1864 Bermuda Hundred was the landing point for The Army of the James During the Bermuda Hundred Campaign. Today, Bermuda Hundred is a predominantly African-American village whose residents can trace their roots back to the earliest days of the settlement. In 2006, the village of Bermuda Hundred was placed on the National Register of Historic Places and the Virginia Landmarks Register. 

Road Map 

Bermuda Hundred Village

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